1. READ THE ROAD: the further ahead you look, the more time you have to recognise and respond to hazards. Make sure you can stop your car in the distance that you can see will remain clear.
2. ANTICIPATE: having looked further ahead, use that knowledge to anticipate the problems that might come up and plan for them well in advance to avoid needing to take last minute action.
3. ASSUME THE WORST: never assume that another motorist has seen you or will react as you expect – and don’t rely on somebody else’s reactions to keep you safe.
4. LOOK BEHIND AND TO THE SIDE: use mirrors regularly so you have 360 degree understanding of what’s going on around you. Use shoulder checks before you move out to solve blind spots problems.
5. LEARN FROM YOUR MISTAKES: near misses happen to everybody. Afterwards, think how you could have avoided getting into that situation, even if you think it was the other driver’s fault.
6. USE THE TWO SECOND RULE: spot a marker ahead, such as a bridge or a lamppost and wait until the vehicle ahead of you goes past it, then just count till you pass the marker to see if you have got less than two second, don’t forget wet conditions 4 seconds and ice condition 20 seconds. However only a fool break two second rule!
7. CONCENTRATE: at 70 mph your stopping distance is the length of a football pitch. Looking away at a crucial moment can be fatal.
8. MANAGE YOUR PESRONAL SPACE: if you keep space around your vehicle, you’ll have more time and room to deal with hazards.
9. STAY FRESH: driver fatigue is major factor in many crashes. Take at least a 15 minute break after a two hours at the wheel.
10. NO SUDDEM MOVEMENTS: if you have scanned all around and used that information to predict what may happens, you should never surprised by another driver’s actions.